Difference between React JS and React Native
July 6, 2021
React JS and React Native are two quite popular tools that are utilized for programming a multitude of applications and websites. What’s more interesting that each of their unique features is their unknown history. Facebook, in the year 2011, realized that they need a newer model with an advanced user interface to cater to the growing demands of the application.
Constant updates and developments required the realignment of the entire application which is why, Jordon Walke, an engineer at Facebook, came up with the prototype for React JS. What’s more? This innovation had turned out to be a game-changer for the company. Later on in the year 2015, they came out with React Native which built an impressive groundwork towards developing applications, for both smartphones and websites.
It’s alright to have your doubts when it comes to picking either one of them. In case you are unable to conclude which one is better than the two, this article is just for you. We have included crucial features of both, React Native and React JS, which will assist you in decrypting the differences, and distinguishing between React JS and React Native accordingly. Before we proceed with differentiating between the two, let us first understand what’s React JS and React Native.
An overview of React JS
Why do Developers prefer using React JS?
1. The Creation of Complex Web Applications is Easy
Using HTML to come up with dynamic applications is a complicated task since it requires complex coding. However, with React JS, coding can function without any inconvenience.
2. Components are Reusable
React JS has a variety of components with different controls and logic. You can easily reuse these components wherever they are required. Development and maintenance of your applications are much simpler because of this.
3. Enhanced Performance
The virtual DOM comes with numerous advantages which enhance performance. Whatever React components you have written will turn into this virtual DOM and not in the physical DOM. This way, the performance will be relatively faster.
4. Availability of SEO-friendly Tools
Few Drawbacks of using React JS
With React JS, frameworks tend to change and develop regularly. The developing pace of React JS is a bit too fast which makes it hard for developers to keep track of the constant updates. This has also proven to be a bit of an inconvenience for many. Here are a few more drawbacks of React JS:
1. Satisfactory Documentation
Due to the fast pace of the updates on React JS, there is no scope for accurate documentation. Developers have to keep up with the updates and write instructions themselves.
2. Absence of Complete Tooling Sets
React JS only focuses on the user interface layers of the applications that are being developed. Developers have to make use of other frameworks in order to get access to other tooling sets.
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3. Complicated Navigation of Data
In React JS, it is hard to navigate between data. React JS does not support parallel data handling and you need to locate the parent node to navigate the next hierarchy of a tree node.
An overview of React Native
Why do Developers prefer to use React Native?
The applications developed on React Native work well with Android as well as iOS systems. React Native offers cross-platform accessibility and that’s the best part. Let’s go through a few more reasons why people prefer to use React Native:
1. Live Reloading
An interesting feature of React Native is the availability of live reloading. Any changes that you make in the code of the applications will be altered during the process of development. Any changes in the logic are recorded on the screen and you can witness these changes almost immediately.
2. Strong Performance Capability
React Native strongly caters to the needs of developers working on mobile applications. It provides a framework for enhanced performance with the use of Graphics Processing Units (GPUs).
3. Budget-friendly and Saves Costs
Similar to React JS, React Native also has the feature of reusing code components. Reusing will mean that it will save a great amount of time and money required to develop an application from scratch.
React Native was developed through a developers’ community hackathon. This means that the framework is constantly developed and supported by the community. The presence of a team helps with binding expertise from diverse minds into the framework.
Few Drawbacks of using React Native
React Native is still in the developing phase which is why many refer to it as immature regardless of the perks it offers. Although React Native is constantly improving, there is a possibility of performance hindrance for your application. Here are a few more drawbacks of using React Native:
1. Difficult to Learn
If you are new to the field as an app developer, React Native could be a harder framework to learn.
2. Lack of Sturdy Security
React Native is seen as a not-so-secure framework if you are trying to develop applications related to finance, banking, or wherever there is personal data.
3. Takes longer to Initialize
Initializing runtime for advanced devices takes a longer time with React Native which is an inconvenience for many.
4. Has issues with Licensing and Patents
Since React Native is controlled by Facebook, there are persistent issues with licenses and patents. Facebook has the right to stop developers if it does not approve of the application, or in case of any violations.
Drawing a Comparison between React JS and React Native
Now that you have a clear idea of both the frameworks, let’s proceed with differentiating between the two on the following parameters:
1. Base Derivative
React JS can be primarily considered as a base derivative of the React DOM. React Native, on the other hand, can be considered as a base derivative in itself. This indicates that while the components are altered, the syntax and workflow do not change.
2. The purpose of Each
3. Rendering of the Browser Code and Developments
4. Styling & Animations
React JS uses CSS for creating styling for coding components and animation in React JS is created using CSS similar to web development. React Native makes use of a stylesheet for styling. In React Native, you need to make use of an animated API to incorporate animation in various components of the application.
In order to develop a web application of enhanced performance, responsiveness, and dynamic functionality, the best choice for you is React JS. Whereas, if you want to create a mobile application with high performance, then React Native should be your top preference.
Also Read: A Beginner’s guide to getting started with React
Both frameworks have their strengths and limitations. In an environment where technology is developing at a consistent pace, you will be bombarded with improvements and updates which could be a hassle sometimes. Nevertheless, you cannot expect everything to work perfectly. All you need is an adequate amount of skill and knowledge and you are good to go. The bottom line is, deciding between React JS and React Native should be child’s play once you determine the kind of application that you want to develop.